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Collection: Mooring - Cleats

One of the most basic functions of a dock is to hitch and moor boats and other marine vessels. However, in places where there is a lot of foot traffic and a number of people regularly moving around, traditional dock cleats can pose a safety hazard, leading people to trip and injure themselves.

 

 

What Is a Mooring Cleat?

Mooring cleats are fasteners that secure watercraft and other vessels to docks.

These simple dock accessories allow you to temporarily moor your boat or other watercraft, such as:

  • Kayak
  • Personal watercraft (PWC)
  • Pontoon boat
  • Powerboat
  • Sailboat
  • Sea-dog

However, even cargo vessels and cruise ships use mooring cleats when docking. The only difference is that mooring bollards for larger ships are a short vertical post rather than an S- or T-shaped dock cleat.

Docking cleats give you a place to tie your dock lines so your boat won’t drift away or bump into anything while at the dock.

How Do You Use Mooring Cleats?

You attach the mooring cleats to the dock using fasteners. Typically, you secure them to the underside of a single plank using hardware like screws and washers.

For heavy-duty cleats, like cast iron, you should also include a joist corner. You mount it to the bottom of the plank and the post to form a right angle. This reduces the stress on the dock board.

Pro tip: never install your dock cleats between two dock boards. This can put unwanted stress on the boards and cause them to

  • Become loose
  • Break
  • Crack

The dock cleat installation process may vary slightly depending on the type of cleats you use and how many you need.

Where Should Dock Cleats Be Placed?

You should place your dock mooring cleats at regular intervals along the dock edge. How far you space them apart will depend on the size of your boat and how many boats you want to dock at once.

Those with medium and large boats usually space them seven to ten feet apart, but use your best judgment. Accessibility is important, so having too many dock cleats is better than not having enough.

At a minimum, you should have two dock cleats per smaller boat, one for the stern line and one for the bow line. For larger boats, you should have at least three dock cleats per boat you plan to dock.

How Do You Secure a Boat to a Mooring?

First, you need to consider how you will enter the marina. As you approach the dock, be mindful of the wind direction and currents, so you don’t slam into the dock.

You want to slowly approach the dock as parallel as you can, so you can easily secure your boat without problems. Coming in perpendicularly can cause damage to the bow.

Once you’re close to the dock, you or a crew member should toss the spring line to someone on the dock. Then, secure the line from the bow cleat to the dock cleat. You want to secure the line in front of the boat rather than next to the boat.

Next, secure the spring line from the stern line to a dock cleat behind the boat. Similarly, you don’t want it directly next to the boat but slightly behind it.

When you tie up your boat, you will wrap the spring line around the boat dock cleat in a figure eight. Then you can either tie a knot or leave the mooring line as is, depending on the type of dock cleat you’re using.

To ensure your boat remains secure and safe while moored, get snubbers for chafe protection and fenders (bumpers) for your boat.

You can also purchase a boat hook to grab the area you want to attach your dock line to without needing to leave the boat. This is a useful tool for when you need to dock without assistance.

Types of Mooring Cleats

There are numerous types of marine mooring cleats you can choose from. The size of the cleats you need will depend upon the size of your boat.

The rule most boaters follow is that the length of the cleat should be one inch for every sixteenth of an inch of dock line. If you’re unsure about which size is best, have a dock professional help you.

Now let’s take a look at some of the mooring cleats you can use.

Standard Style Dock Cleat

The standard style or horn dock cleat is the most common type of docking cleat you’ll find. It comes in several different materials, including

  • Aluminum
  • Cast iron
  • Galvanized metal
  • Nylon
  • Stainless steel

Horn dock cleats are heavy-duty, except for nylon cleats.

They’re also the most affordable of all the docking cleats, which is why you can usually never go wrong with this style.

Plus, they come in various sizes, so you can find ones that suit your needs.

For freshwater, choose galvanized dock cleats, but for saltwater, choose stainless steel dock cleats.

Pull-Up Dock Cleats

As the name suggests, pull-up dock mooring cleats lay flat, and you can pull them up when you need them. They are very similar to standard dock cleats, but the pop-up feature means you’re less likely to stub your toes or rip the bottom of your pants on them.

Flip-Up Dock Cleats

There are also space considerations to take into account. For these reasons, flip-up cleats are an excellent investment. Typically made of marine-grade aluminum, flip-up cleats provide the basic function of any docking cleat, with an added safety and convenience feature: they can be flipped up for hitching lines, and flipped down securely into the base of the cleat to maximize space and minimize tripping hazards.

Solar Dock Cleats

Solar dock cleats come in the standard cleat style, but they have built-in lights to guide you on your dock pathways.

If you don’t use your dock much at night or have other lights on your dock, you won’t need these. But, if you’re someone who often goes fishing late in the evening or early before the sun rises, solar dock cleats are a good option for you.

Although they are more expensive, they are also incredibly useful, especially to help prevent slip and fall accidents.

If they’re outside your budget, consider getting Perko lights installed on your dock instead.

Zig-Zag Dock Cleats

Zig-zag cleats don’t require you to tie a knot when you moor your boat. You can weave your mooring ropes in a zig-zag-shaped mold.

While this is great for short, temporary stops, you don’t want to tie your boat to this type of dock cleat overnight. The mooring line can slowly loosen and let your boat float free.

They are also good for small boats, like kayaks, and inflatables to use during the daytime.

Clam Dock Cleats

Similar to zig-zag cleats, clam dock cleats are not for overnight mooring. They are designed for small boats and quick stops.

You pull your mooring line through the cleat, then the pressure builds and traps the rope.

Haven Dock & Marine

If you’re ready to start shopping for your mooring cleats, find your local Haven Dock & Marine dealer to get started. No matter what docking equipment you might need, from fenders, mooring lines, winches, and more, we’ve got you covered!

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